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How to Learn Judo Through Martial Arts Video Training

Judo is a form of martial arts which involves a variety of falls, rolls, hold downs, throws, joint-locks, chokes and strikes. Judo primarily focuses on throwing and groundwork. Through martial art training videos, students can effectively learn the various techniques involved in becoming a master in judo.

With effective martial arts video training, the student will learn about the 2 groups of throws which are: the standing techniques - further divided into hand, hip, foot and leg techniques; and the sacrifice techniques - divided into those in which the thrower falls directly backwards, and those in which he falls onto his side. The ground fighting techniques are divided into joint locks or attacks against the joints, chokeholds or strangleholds and the holding or pinning techniques. For safety reasons, techniques such as joint locks, chokeholds and sacrifice are subject to age and rank restrictions and must not be performed by persons outside the particular age group or rank that has been set out.

Mixed martial arts training videos offer lessons on judo which can be applied in matches. These techniques include the grappling and standing-grappling techniques. Judo students will be required to perform a kind of sparring referred to as Randori, which means "free practice". Here, 2 opponents are allowed to attack one another using any throw or grappling technique. Ju Rensha is a sparring exercise in which both judoka attack in a very mild way and no resistance is applied. On the other hand the Kakari Geiko sparring exercise will see only one judoka attack, while their opponent relies solely on evasive and defensive techniques without the application of sheer strength.

During a tournament practice or Randori, when your opponent has succeeded in executing a joint lock or chokehold, you may submit or "tap out" by tapping the mat or your opponent at least two times in a manner clearly indicative of your submission. Once this occurs, the match is over, you have lost and the joint lock or chokehold will cease.

In order to perfect your techniques, you may practice Kata with a partner, which are pre-arranged patterns of attack and defense. Kata are ideal for learning the basic principles of judo and how to correctly execute a technique outside of competition. Kata are also important in preserving the ancient techniques that remain historically important, although no longer used. In order to attain a higher rank, you will require knowledge in the various Kata.

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Judo Gripping and Wrestling for Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Competition

BJJ (Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu) competitors' stand-up skills remain the single biggest and most common weakness observable within the tournament realm. This article seeks to provide some essential fundamentals and a basic strategy for BJJ players embarking on the competition arena. When viewing this article, please consider this is written with the context that BJJ players typically do one of two things within the stand-up zone of competition:

1) Pull Guard, often the moment they perceive any danger.

2) Rush a double leg, where they either achieve the take down or fail and pull guard.

Free Range Movement

Prior to grips being established, the number one priority is to remain in a low, wrestling based stance. The square stance, often favoured for its defensive qualities remains akin to a boxer standing square in that both sides remain open to attack. Given that many Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioners lack significant stand-up skills, it is recommended that you minimise the chance of a lucky double leg shot by advancing one leg (the lead leg) into a staggered stance and limiting the sides of attack by 50%. It is highly unlikely that you will concede a takedown on the blind side. The lead arm should be placed low, protecting the lead leg and the lead arm can quickly be converted to a cross face should your opponent attempt to force a double or single leg attack.

Ideally, you should continue to move laterally as you attempt to establish your lead grip. This will further decrease the likelihood and effectiveness of any takedowns - its harder to hit a moving target.

Establishing Your Grip (regardless of Left vs Left, Right vs Right, Left vs Right)

You are now established in the free range, moving laterally in a strong wrestling base. Regardless of the relative position (i.e. left, right, etc, stance relative to your opponent), the next key step is to control your opponents lead arm, and this is preferably achieved by gripping his lead arm with your own rear arm.

Why the rear arm?

Quite simply, you risk them shooting the double underneath your lead arm or your lead arm being controlled by his lead arm. WHEN ESTABLISHING YOUR GRIP, EVERYTHING IS ABOUT LEAD ARM CONTROL. Therefore reaching with the rear arm is lower risk, (akin in boxing to leading with the jab). Those who have experience in alive striking arts will be able to make some sense of gripping skills by reversing the notions of lead and rear arm theories (the leading arm or jabbing arm in boxing is akin to the reverse arm in Judo and vice-versa).

Once the opponent's lead arm is controlled with your rear arm, it will be extremely difficult for your opponent to initiate any significant attacks. Your next move depends upon whether you wish to:




Further control can then be achieved by either establishing a second grip on his lead arm with your lead arm, or by gripping the front shoulder in front of your lead arm (your left arm would grip his right shoulder or vice versa).

The former will now allow you to circle to the outside of the controlled arm, from which back-takes, double and single legs, tani-otoshi's, amongst other techniques are all possible. The latter will give you sufficient control over your opponent on which to launch successful takedown attempts whilst minimising the opportunities of your opponent to the negligible or throws should you have experience within Judo.


Any spectator at a BJJ competition will quickly witness practitioners pulling guard with little or zero control other their opponents. Once we have established lead arm control over your opponent using your own rear arm, the lead arm should then grip the elbow. With regular Judo practice, a grip on the elbow should involve the gripping hand flexing and then twisting; like turning a screw. With either a two-one-one grip or "arm drag grip" established, you are now in a position to safely pull guard. Dependent upon stance, you should now be threatening either an arm drag or arm bar, with a host of potential options dependent upon your opponents reactions.

Glyn Powditch

SBG Instructor

BJJ Purple Belt


© Glyn Powditch 2007


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Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu - Does It Still Work?

For one night only, in November of 1993, an eight-man tournament featured two men fighting with no rules (except for eye gouges and mouth hooks) inside an eight-sided cage. Winner for each match will take on each other, until we determined who the baddest man on the planet at the end of the night. At that time, the event called the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) was the closest that you can get to a legal street fight on TV.

No rules, which means it's the closest thing to a street fight. You would expect some burly, muscular freak with natural fighting skills and street certified tough guy to beat the hell out everyone in the tournament, right? If you haven't seen that night in Denver, you'd be surprised to what had transpired.

Royce Gracie, a skinny 169 pound Brazilian wearing some white pajama, defeated three opponents with an average of 50 pounds of advantage against him, in under 5 minutes total, on his way to win the first ever UFC tournament. That's right! Imagine three 220 pound fighters choked out by someone relatively half their size, for a total of only 299 seconds.

What's more incredible is that Gracie won three out of the first four tournaments in the UFC. His brother Rorion Gracie brought the concept of Brazilian Vale Tudo (literally meaning "anything goes" in Portuguese) in the United States, to determine which martial art is most effective on any fighting conditions. It's no secret that Rorion wanted to demonstrate the effectiveness of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu in real fighting by bringing in Royce to represent the discipline for the event.

So what's the deal about the Gracie brothers trying to show what Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is all about? For one, the family patriarch Helio Gracie is the founder of BJJ (or sometimes known as Gracie Jiu-Jitsu). Until his death, Helio Gracie was the only living 10th degree Black Belt of that discipline. If Royce was only a 6th degree Black Belt, just imagine how badass his father was. Back in Brazil, Helio in his prime used to hold "the Gracie Challenge", where they allegedly sent open invitations to anybody to beat any member of the Gracie family, with challenge bets as much as $100,000, to prove how effective BJJ is.

Because of Royce's brilliance inside the Octagon during the early years of what is now called Mixed Martial Arts (MMA), fighters have incorporated BJJ to complement their other skills. Today, it would be hard to find a mixed martial artist who doesn't train Jiu-Jitsu.

However, in recent times, there are a few fighters who have been skeptical about the discipline, saying how black belts in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu aren't a threat today, as compared to the early days of MMA. Some would even go as far as saying, if you punch a BJJ black belt in the face, all his credentials are knocked off with it.

It's not difficult to back up the argument, since fighters with a wrestling base has dominated the MMA scene lately. Wrestlers and strikers have found a way to control the fight against fighters with high Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu credentials. Some observers think that, without the use of a gi and wearing MMA gloves may hinder their grappling performance, especially with chokes and leg locks, and therefore may not be as effective today as it was back then.

So the question is, does Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu still work in the modern MMA scene?

If you're one of the skeptics of BJJ, let me answer you back with another question: do you think you can attain success as a mixed martial artist without even trying to learn Jiu-Jitsu at all? Brock Lesnar's first fight with Frank Mir was a clear demonstration on how wrestlers with a lack of knowledge or experience in BJJ won't get you anywhere. Though he dominated majority of the fight, Lesnar made a critical mistake of putting his leg where Mir can attack, and was submitted in 90 seconds.

Remember when Chuck Liddell was known to be a wrestler, but found success as a striker during his reign as the UFC Light Heavyweight champion? Casual fans (aka TUF noobs) had no idea that Chuck was a successful wrestler before transitioning to MMA.

What's Liddell's relevance in this debate? Liddell used his wrestling in reverse, to avoid being taken down and keep the fight standing up. The same goes for Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioners. While success among fighters with a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu base is considerably lower nowadays, that's because all fighters have adapted BJJ into their training to avoid getting submitted. Like in Lesnar's case, without submission defense, you will get choked out or get your limbs broken.

In other words, modern fighters have used BJJ in reverse, to avoid or even escape any submission attempt. In fact, fighters can be successful with no wrestling experience but with BJJ training as opposed to those with no BJJ training but are tremendous wrestlers.

It's just that the sport of MMA has evolved tremendously, that if you only brought BJJ to the table, you will get owned on the feet. Same thing with fighters who don't have a Jiu-Jitsu experience will also get owned, this time on the ground. That's how the Gracies have struggled lately, due to their lack of skill in other elements of MMA, which makes BJJ look bad. But it shouldn't, since Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is still an integral part in fighting.

So I conclude that BJJ still works well. It may not be as evident or as a primary offensive weapon, but you cannot survive an MMA match without any knowledge of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu. Just ask Chael Sonnen, who was 90 seconds away to winning the UFC Middleweight belt after dominating the entire match with his wrestling, only to be submitted from the bottom via triangle choke by defending champion Anderson Silva, thanks to Nogueira brothers' Jiu-Jitsu.

If you still disagree, go ahead and fight a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu black belt.

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